The most developed countries in Africa are measured using the Human Development Index (HDI), through the United Nations Development Programme. On yearly basis, the organization releases indices and data used to rate countries according to life expectancy, health, economic growth, standard of living and education.
BELOW ARE THE TOP 10 MOST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES IN AFRICA BASED ON THE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX
Seychelles, is the most developed country in Africa With approximately 95,500 inhabitants as of (2018). Seychelles drives most of its economic growth through tourism.
Seychelles ranks globally at – 62,
With Life expectancy of – 73.7 years,
Expected years of schooling – 14,
Mean years of schooling – 9.5
Gross National Income per Capita – 26,077
Mauritius with estimated 1.3 million multicultural inhabitants gained its independence in 1968 and has long managed to greatly improve and stabilize its economy. The country is considered as one of the most promising countries in Africa.
Global rank – 66
Life expectancy – 74.9
Expected years of schooling – 15.1
Mean years of schooling – 9.3
Gross National Income per Capita – 20,189
Algeria is the third most developed country in Africa and the 85th in the world. The country has achieved a remarkable feat by reducing poverty by 20% in the past two decades.
With Life expectancy of -76.3
And a mean of 8.0 against an expected 14.4 years in school
Gross National Income per Ca pita of –13,802
Tunisia is the fourth most developed country in Africa and the 95th in the world. Although, the country is slowly recovering from the years of conflict, growth is steadily gaining momentum. Tunisia has gradually been developing into a more stable economy. Tourism, agriculture, electrical and mechanical exports are the pilots of Tunisia’s economy. with a life expectancy of 75.9, a mean of 7.2 against an expected 15.1 years in school and a GNI per capita of 10,275.
Botswana is the fifth most developed country in Africa and the 101 in the world. Botswana gained its independence in 1966. Botswana’s economy is mainly driven by mining, construction and the service sector. But One major problem the country has to deal with is poverty, which is due to high unemployment rate, With life expectancy of 67.6, a mean of 9.3 against an expected 12.6 years in school and a GNI per capita of 15,534
Libya is the sixth most developed country in Africa and 108 in the world. With the country’s improved political arrangements, it has pointed the country towards a considerably developmental strides over a short period of time. As growth stabilizes, inflation most likely to slow down. with a life expectancy of 72.1 years, a mean of 7.3 against an expected 13.4 years in school and a GNI per capita of 11,100.
Gabon is the seventh most developed country in Africa and 110th in the world. Gabon is the fifth largest oil producing country in Africa. The oil sector accounts for 45% of the country’s GDP and 60% of fiscal revenue on average over the past years. The country has one of the highest urbanization rates in Africa. With a life expectancy of 66.5 years, a mean of 8.2 against an expected 12.8 years in school and a GNI per capita of 16,431
8. SOUTH AFRICA
South Africa is the eight most developed country in Africa and 113th in the world. South Africa is one of the big player on the African continent. South Africa is one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of gold and platinum, the country has considerably developed its financial, legal, energy and transport sectors over the past decades. With a life expectancy of 63.4 years, a mean of 10.1 against an expected 13.3 years in school and a GNI per capita of 11,923
Egypt is the ninth most developed country in Africa and 114th in the world. With the export of goods and services, improvement in foreign exchange reserves and a more dynamic tourism sector have greatly mastermined the massive development in Egypt. Egypt has been constantly improving its economic activities over the past few years. With a life expectancy of 71.7 years, a mean of 7.2 against an expected 13.1 years in school and a GNI per capita of 10,355.
Morocco is the tenth most developed country in Africa and 123th in the world. Lately, the country is facing an economic slowdown;but that has not prevented them from massive developmental strides. The country has witnessed various unexpected growth in industries over the past few years. it has a life expectancy of 76.1 years, a mean of 5.5 against an expected 12.4 years in school and a GNI per capita of 7,340.